Islamic Center Hamburg
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NewsID : 54707
Date of publication : 7/2/2014 9:40:32 PM
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The Imam of the mosque and the manager of the Islamic centre of Hamburg Hazrat Mr. Ayatollah Dr. Remezani

the recognition of the IslamIslamic Studies 112- the Islam and the religion Sharia 6

In the name of God, the Compassionate and the Merciful and the Compassionate

As it was mentioned in previous matters, the sharia is from the wise God who is the creator and the owner of the living creatures and is aware of the advantages and disadvantages of all affairs. Hence, he orders us to do whatever is in our favor and prevents us from doing whatever is ugly and vulgar and reward whoever obeys his orders. The exalted God knows the qualifications of every person and rewards human for their good deeds. In other words, he rewards human exactly and fairly and does not deprive anyone of his or her right. There is no question that God with such complete attributes never orders us to do vulgar actions. [1]

 Another important  point is that the exalted God orders and prevents persons that have the conditions of obligations. The conditions include:

 

A. wisdom          

                          

A person that is obliged should be wise and there are no obligations for persons that are mad. Of course, there are some rules for the life of mad people in the Islam and they are considered as his or her rights.

 

B. life

 

Obviously obligations can only refer to people who are alive.

 

C. Ability

 

There are no obligations for persons that are not able to follow the orders of God.

 

D. Knowledge

 

A person should have enough knowledge toward his or her obligations. He or she should have preparations to do actions or it should be possible for them to acquire it. In other words, they should have necessary means for doing actions.   

           

Obligations should not have any evil consequences. In other words, things that cause such evil consequences should not be considered as obligations and duties. Hence, the exalted God never considers whatever causes evil consequences as rules, but all rules of the Islam lead human to happiness and bliss.

 

It is completely clear that whatever is considered as obligations should already be known for an obliged person. In other words, an obliged person should have enough time to know the stages and conditions of whatever he or she is obliged to do; otherwise, such obligations are ugly and vulgar. For example, before Eid al-Fitr arrives, the value of fast should be explained to an obliged person because it is not accepted to punish a person for his or her sins before she or he is enlightened[2].

 Another point that should be mentioned about the orders and rules of God is that an obliged person should be able to do his or her obligations. In other words, it should not be impossible for them to fulfill obligations and obligations should be possibly done by obliged persons.

 Another important point about obligations or actions that an obliged person should do is that if an obliged person wants to do an action, that action should be good and advised. If this advised action is obligatory, it should be done and is vajeb (religiously necessary) and if it is not obligatory, it will be mostahab

( recommended in Islam).   

 If an obliged person should give up an action, that action should have evil consequences. If an evil action is obligatory, doing it is haram (religiously prohibited). If there is no preference in doing an evil action, doing it is makrooh (disapproved but not unlawful in Islam). In conclusion, obligations should be advised or they should have evil consequences; otherwise, the order related to doing or giving up such an action is preference and such an obligation will be abolished by God.     

 What has been understood so far is that there is definitely a lot of prudence in the rules of God and no rules are without reason. Of course, in some situations, doing an action is advised and in other situations, avoiding an action is advised. If such actions that are not advised are done, they can have evil consequences. For example, it is advised that gamble should not be done because it definitely has evil consequences.     

                                                                

Analyzing the conditions of obligations, we can understand that Islam is the religion of sharia, obligations and rules and acting them guarantees the reality of the life and the life of human. In other words, the divine rules are the favors of the exalted God for having a right life and fulfilling obligations appropriately.       

 



1. Matters related to obliged soul and obligations belonging to a person that enacts obligations and a person that is obliged have been discussed in the scholastic books such as '' Sharh Tajrid'' by Khaje Nasir Al-Din Tusi, ''Khashf Al-Morad'' by Alame Heli and '' Ghavaed Al-Haram'' by Ibn Meitham Al-Bahrani

2. Abu Al-Hasan Sharani; the explanation and the translation of the book '' Kashf Al-Morad'' p 457


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